Muscatel wine in Malaga Province

Famous grapes

uva moscatel en Axarquia
Muscatel grape in Axarquia, Malaga

The Moscatel, Muscat of Alexandria, grown in the province of Málaga, in Axarquia


In this article you will find the essential information about the incredible cultivation of the Muscatel wine in Malaga province :

  • Origins of the Muscatel vine
  • The cultivation of the Muscatel vine
  • The most traditional harvesting system in Europe
  • Historical elaboration of Málaga wine
  • The Wine and Sun route with a guide
  • The Raisin route (Ruta de la Pasa) with a guide
  • Fiestas and ferias around the grape and Muscatel wine
  • Here is another vine, rare and endemic to Axarquia
  • Some useful links

ruta de la pasa axarquia
muscatel vines in Axarquia, Malaga

The origins of the Muscatel vine in Malaga


This is one of the wonders of Axarquia: the Muscat of Alexandria, the “moscatel“. The history of Muscatel and its cultivation is unique in many ways.


It seems that it was the Phoenicians who brought it from Egypt when they settled on the Costa del Sol (around 1000 BC). Then the Greeks of Phocaea, 700 BC, improved its cultivation, then the Romans improved it further, and the Arabs preserved this culture.


The culture of the Muscatel vine


Axarquia vendimia moscatel 2

The cultivation of this grape in 2022 has not changed for 3 centuries. The grapes are harvested by hand and then loaded onto mules.


Axarquia vendimia moscatel 2
credit : JR Antonio Pretel

Most of the grapes are taken to the paseros. This is where the grapes are dried to produce sweet wines.


Axarquia vendimia moscatel
muscatel harvest – credit: JR Antonio Pretel

At dusk, it is covered with a cloth to avoid any risk of dew on the grapes. Part of the grapes will be used to make DO Malaga and DO Sierras de Malaga wines. In the photo below you can see the tarpaulins, toldos, which will cover the grapes at night or in case of rain.


almachar-pasa-y-paseros

The other part of the grapes will be dried for another 2 weeks. Once dry, each grape is cut one by one! The dried grape is ready to be consumed, it is called here, the Pasa.


Europe’s most artisanal harvesting system


This culture and its type of harvest have remained intact, and absent of any mechanization. The reason for this lies in the orography of the growing areas (see photos below).


Moclinejo viñeros moscatel en Axarquia
Moclinejo – vines muscatel

In fact, some vineyards are cultivated on slopes of up to 60%. To give you an idea, on the mountain roads, by car, the roads have a maximum of 33%.


This crop is one of only 50 sites in the world registered by the UN, via the FAO, as SIPAM (System of Ingenious World Agricultural Heritage).


El Borge pasa sipam

This distinction, awarded in 2018, is the recognition of a unique, ancestral culture with a strong social, cultural, traditional and environmental impact. Respect for the environment in a sustainable way is a key element in being recognised as SIPAM.


The historical elaboration of Malaga wine (Muscatel and Pedro Ximenez)


It was carried out in 2 stages (see photos below):


First, there was the pisa, which consisted of treading the grapes with the feet.


noche-del-vino-competa-2022-pisa
pisa in Competa – Noche del Vino 2022-

The juice obtained by this method was considered the best and was used to make the best bottles. The grape juice extracted using this method was called “la lagrima“, the tear.


After crushing, the grapes were pressed to extract the maximum amount of juice.


Benagalbon aceituna aceite
Press used after the pisa

Both the pisa and the pressing were carried out in more or less basic lagares. These lagares can still be seen in the villages. They were used to carry out the pisa for individual wine productions.


lagare en provincia de Malaga
Lagareto

Finally, the wine was kept in large tinajas at the place of production, in the lagares.


Tinaja in a lagare

The transport of the wine to the villages was done with the help of mules. In order to allow the transport, the wine was put in goat skins!


Moclinejo piel de cabra para el transporte de vino
piel de cabra para el transporte de vino

The Wine and Sun route with a guide


A local guide, Cipriano, offers to show you the wine and sun route. This day trip is offered from Nerja, Torrox Costa and Torre del Mar.


ceramica torrox ruta vino sol

During this excursion you will pass through 3 beautiful white villages and a bodega. You will participate in a tasting of Muscatel wines. Among these wines you will taste the one that was served at the wedding banquet of Felipe VI and Letizia.


For more information: Wine and Sun Route in Axarquia.


The Raisin route (Ruta de la Pasa) with a guide


This is an excursion along a unique route in the world: the Ruta de la Pasa (Raisin Route).


ruta de la pasa axarquia raisin muscat tour

This tour is only possible 2 months a year. You will discover the traditions and cultures around the sun-dried muscatel grapes.


el borge y la pasa en Axarquia

For more information: The Raisin Route in Axarquia.


Fiestas and Ferias around grapes and Muscatel wine


Below you will find links to the different fiestas and ferias, of grapes and wine, celebrated in the villages of Axarquia







The Noche del Vino in Competa is a magnificent festival. During the day, you can watch a demonstration of pisa. This is the crushing of grapes to make wine. Below is a photo taken during this festival:


noche-del-vino-competa-2022

These festivals take place in the following villages (in order): Iznate, Moclinejo, Competa, Colmenar, El Borge.


Here is another vine, rare and endemic to Axarquia


There is a rare vine, endemic to Axarquia. It is a vine that “survived” the Phylloxera epidemic in the 19th century. It is called Romé. Today, this vine produces some of the best DO Sierras de Málaga wines.


In the following link you will find information about this vine, the Romé.


Some useful links


Here is a great car rental agency in Andalusia and more specifically at Malaga airport : book a rental car.


If you are in Andalucia as part of a tour with several major cities to visit, here are some links that may be of interest:




  • All you need to know about Granada, the Alhambra, the Albaicin neighbourhood before visiting Granada

  • If you are passing through the geographical centre of Andalusia, then you can visit Antequera, with the incredible natural site of El Torcal right next door

Experiences to discover in the province of Málaga



Find more ideas for visits to authentic Andalusia: see the blog pages on Andalucia.


Here is the link to receive our newsletter from the andaluciamia.com blog


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